澳门贵宾厅游戏官网

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    1. 澳门贵宾厅游戏官网

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      澳门贵宾厅游戏官网ZhaoJinpingAfteritsWTOaccession,Chinahasbeenfacingadualstrategictaskofacceleratingopeningupandexpeditingstructuraladjustmentinordertorespondtothenewchangesininternationaldivisionof,analyzingthebasicfeaturesofforeign-investedindustriesandtheirimpactonstructuralupgradingisofvitalimportanceforstudyingandformulatingindustrialprialenterprisesareclearlybetterthanthoseofthenon-foreign-investedindustrialenterprisesandhavehelpedimprovethetechnicalcompetenceandinternationalcompetitivenessofChina’,theaveragerateofcapitalequipmentofChina’,whichwas31p/totalassets,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalesrevenuewererespectively41percent,11perc,theelectronicandcommunicationsequipmentmanufacturingindustries,thenon-foreign-dustrialenterprises,terpriciencyoftheforeign-investedindustrialent’sindustryaswhole,includingforeign-investedindustrialenterprises,was912,000yuan,whichwas6percenthigherth,salesrevenue-profitrateandpercapitasalerevenueincreasedrespectivelyby8percent,ctronicandcommunicationsequipment,transp,theycouldberegardedastheannualaverageofthelhavemadetangiblecontributionstotheimprovementoftheoveralltechnicalequipmentandinput-outputefficiencyofChina’,itisalsoamanifestationofthetechnology,swheretheproportionofforeign-investedenterprisesishigher,theexportofthe,theindustriesthathavemoreforeigninvestmenthaveastrongerinternationalcompetitivenessandexportadvantageandhencebecomeanimportantfactorforspurringthedevelopmentofChina’sexport-orientedeconomyandustrialpreferenceforlabor-intensiveindustries,andthisstructuralfeaturreign-investedsectorinallforeilytheprocessingindustriesoffinishedproducts,(1)themonopolyindustriesinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;(2)thedomesticindustriesthathavesolidbasesandenjoymarkedcompetitiveadvantages;and(3)theindustriesthatentaillongertimeforin(orthelesscapital-intensive)anindustry,’slabor-intensiveindustriesorthelabor-intensiveprocessinglinksofthecapital-intensiveindustries,whichenjoycomparativeadvantages,,thelevelofiheindustriesnationwidecanbefurtherdividedintotwofactors:theaveragel,theastries,tmentdistribution,,theroleofforeigninvestmentinpromotingstructuralupgradingis,thepreferenceofforeigninvestmentforlabor-intensiveindustriesoffsetsinacertaindegreetheupgradingeffectoft’homecountries(orregions)forindustrialtransfer,theinternationalmarketstrategiesoftransnationalcorporations,,;twoisthemarketaccessrestrictionsontheindustriesofnaturalmonopolyandtheindustriesofspecializedequipmentinthestate-ownedeconomicsector;andthreeistheneglectofthetechnicaltransformationandupgradingofthetraditionalindustries....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      澳门贵宾厅游戏官网(2),thegovernmentadjustmentofthepricesfor,forexample,someregionsraisedthetuitionfees,housingrent,thepriceofwaterforcivilianuseandothercharges,thusforcedthepriceindexesforthecategoryofeducation,,thecentralandlocalgovernmentsatvariouslevelsstrengthenedtheregulationandcontroloverthepricesofthemonopolycommoditiesandservices,,policy-orientedpriceadjustments,personalhousingrentsreducedafterthehousingreform,,,,,(nationalretailpriceindex),thusbringin,however,’grainproduction,(consumerpricesin36largecities).Asaresult,,,theimpuction,therisi,,mesticcapitalgoodsbutalsotheentryoftheimportedlow-pricedproductsintothedomesticmarket.(3),,theprice-pullingfactorsincludethecentralgovernmentpolicytocontinueexpandinggovernmentdirectinvestmentthroughtheissuingoftreasurybonds,thepickingupoftheworldeconomyandthestabilizat,thepricesofcopper,aluminumandsteelareslightlyhigher,orableforpricestability,,,icallyproducedproducts,,,thelevelofpricesislikelytopickupsomewhatasaresultofthegradualimplementationofthemacroregula,thepricetrendof,apossiblenegativegrowthcannotberuledout....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.SincethecurrentroundofglobaldecelerationofeconomicgrowthhasresultedfrommarketsurplusofITproducts,’scase,however,exportsoftraditionalproductsslackened,withthegrowthrateoftextilerawmaterialsandtextileproducts,shoes,headwear,%%,andthatofsomete,thetradeofelectro-machineryandhi-techproductswasextremelybrisk,%%eformofprocessingtrade,theirgrowingindicatesthatthegrowthoftheaggregatevolumeofChina’stradeandtheimprovementofstructureisipalitiesintheWesternRegionandBigFallofExportsintheSouthernandtheNortheasternReg,forinstance,%;Jiangsu,%;andShanghai,14%.%growth;Qinghai,%;andGansu,%.Whathasbeeneye-catching,however,isthatgrowthofexportsinth,-%.GuangdongProvince,whichcontributesonethirdtoChina’sexports,%,acityinGuangdongProvince,%torinthesubstantialdecelerationofthegrowthspeedofChina’,andInitialSuccessinTappingNewMarketsItisapparentthatChina’sex,China’sexportstoJapan,EuropeandtheUnitedStates,threeofitsmajorexportmarkets,%,9%%,China’,theChineseGovernmentandtheChineseenterpriseshavemadevigorouseffortstoop’sexportstoAfricaandLatinAmerica,forinstance,stoodat21%%’%%onservicesontheChinesemainland,Hong’sSituationinForeignTradeThecharacteristicsofChina’sforeigntradeintheyear2001,asdescribedabove,haveresultedfromthejointactionofmanyfactors,includingthefollowingbasicfactors:Firstofall,,,’,andbecomeamajorfactortoblamefortheslowdownofChina’’sexportsareexecutedintheformofprocessingtrade,slowdownofexportshasresultedinaslowergrowthofimportsintheformofprocessingtrade....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      ZhouHongchunDingNingningSocialDevelopmentResearchDepartmentofDRCAtatimewhenChinaisfurtherimprovingitsmarketeconomyandisopeningevenwidertotheoutsideworld,howshouldthegovernmentadministeretheinitiationofreformandopeningupIntheearly1980swhenChinaputforwardthegrandgoalof"quadruplingthenationaleconomybytheendofthecentury",quadrupled,theyestimatedthatwhenthenationaleconomywasquadrupled,,China’,energyexpertssuggestedthatthecentralauthoritiesshouldgiveequalprioritytobothenergydevelopmentandcons,whichtookitasaguidingprincipleforthecountry’,theStateCouncilEnergyConservationWorkingMeetingSystemwasestablished,aspecialenergyconservationfundwassetup,andpoliciesontaxpreferentialtreatment,,,China’,theaggregateamountofChina’,,,worth964billionyuan,,asmuchas290billionyuringresultingfromachangeinthecountry’,theproportionofthelightindustryinthenationaleconomyroserapidly,,,thestructuraloptimizationandtechnologicalprogressintheilddependo’ssternenergyprospectFirst,finequalityenergyisinshortsupply,erelationshipwithahi’,,Chinaimported70milliontonsofoil,,China’sdomesticoilandnaturalgasconsumptionwillfurtherdependontheinternationalmarket,whichwillbrin,China’spercapitapossessionofenergyresourcesisfarbelowtheworld’’,,,,itspercapitapossessionofcoal,oilandnaturalgaswasrespectivelyonly55percent,11percentand4percentoftheworld’’,China’spercapitacommodityenergyconsumptionislow,’andardcoal,47percentoftheworld’,,,whilethereisagreatpotentialforenergyconservation,’senergyefficiencyisabout32percent,,cementandotherproductsisabout25percentlowerthantheworld’,thereisa,firstly,wemustrealizethatChina’spastachievementsinenergyconservationweremadeagainstabackgroundofextensiveoperationandrampa,wemustalsorealizethattheenergyconservation"opportunities"arisingfromthechangeinthecountry’sdevelopmentstrategyanditseconomicrestructuringwillnotcomeagain,andthattheenergyconservation"dividends"ar,energyconservationinthefuturewilldependmainlyontechnologicalprogress,,theperiodoflowcommodityenergyconsumptioncoin’spercapitaconsumptionofcommodityenergyislessthanhalfoftheworld’saveragelevel,itstotalamountofgreenhousegasemissionsranksthesecondintheworldaember2002,PremierZhuRongjideclare,itfacesa’sdevelopmentlevelisanop,Chinafacesan,China’sproductexportsencounteragreenbarrier--"energyefficiencylabel".WithChina’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,eachandeverydomest,thepetrochemicalindustryandotherenergy-consumingindustries"energyefficiencylabel"system,China’selectromechanicalproducts(includinghouseholdappliances)mustapplyfortheregistrationof"energyefficiencylabel"renergyconsumption,,alltheenergyconservationadministrationdepartmentsinallindustrialministrieshavebeenremoved,andtheenergyconservationadministrationdepart,thegovernment’sadmomyWhilegreatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandinparticularwhiletheundersupplyofdomesticenergyhasimproved,somepeopleraisedthequestionofwhetherthegovernmentshouldc,DRCformedaprojectgroupwiththeresearchersfromtherelevantresourceconservationdepartmentoftheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,theenergyinstituteoftheStateDevelopmentPlanningCommission,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门塞班岛sbd苹果手机最新版本,theresidents’consumerpriceindexhasendednearlyoneyear’’’,,,,pricesofmajorproductionmeansrosesharply,withthegrowthratesofex-factorypricesforindustrialgoodsandpr,,andwillcauseanexcessivelyfastgrowthinpricelevels,thattheabruptSARSepidemicwillparticularlyexertpowerfulimpactsontheeconom,mand,promotethereadjustmentoftheeconomicstructure,preventthedevelopme,pricesofmajorproductsareshowingatrendofincrease,demonstratingthefollowingcharacteristics:’Consumerpriceshavestoppeddecreasingandrevertedtoanupwardspiralmainlybecauseofthepullofpricesofvegetables,,vegetablepricesinparticular,,suchastobacco,liquor,clothing,,,,whilepricesofcommunicationsequirices,theresidents’,ex-factorypri’,,,asaresultoftheendoftheIraqWar,fallofcrudeoilpricesandtheimpactsofSARSepidemic,pricesofcrudeoilandsteelproductssloweddowninrising,,,,,whichmeansthatthepricedeclineiswalkingoutoftheebbandwillexertpositiveimpactsonresidents’,thebasiccharacteristicsofthepriceoperationare:firstly,pricesofresourcetypeproductsarerisingsubstantially,followedbypriceralliesofrawmaterials;secondly,residents’servicepricesareobviouslyrisingandthepricedecreasingmomentumofresidents’’consecutiveproactivefiscalpolicies,theexpansionofdomesticdemanda,therapidincreaseofov,,,thecountry’().Thedevelopmenttypeofconsumptionasrepresentedbyhousing,automobileandserviceshasbeeninitiatedinanall-roundwayandbroughtaboutrapidincreasesindemandofhousing,interiordecorationmaterials,,,entofthenationaleconomy,,contradictionsinsupplyanddemandstructuresr,technologyandsocialsystem,China’sindu,,thestructuralproblemshowsthattheprocessingindustryespeciallytheprocessingi,pricesoffood(mainlygrain),whichconstituteaheavycomponentintheresidents’consumerprice,willceasedecreasingandtendtostabilizeonacertainlevelbec,becauseofexistenceofexcessiveproductioncapacity,themarketissharplycompetitive,andtheincreaseinmarketdementwillcreatemoredemandforenergyandbasicrawmat,suppliesofpower,steel,chemicalmaterialsandotherbasicrawmaterialswillnotbeabletomeetdemandsintermsofquantity,typesandspecifications,resultinginvaryingdegreesofincreasesinpricesfortheseproducts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      LiuShijinTheissueoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinawasputf,ithasbecomeasignificantstrategicmovetospeedupthedevelopmentofChina’seconomyinarobustandsustainedwayandtoacceleratereadjustment,transfo,itisanoneroustasktoreadjust,,wecangettwicetheresultwithhalftheeffortandmakeagoodstartforsolvingtheproblem;ifnot,,TransformationandRevitalizationoftheOldIndustrialBasesinNortheastChinaUnderthenewcircumstances,readjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinaarenotonlytosolvethepopularproblemsexistinginlargestate-ownedenterprises,noronlytorevitalizetheequipmentindustry,,thefirsttaskistosumuptherelatedexperiencesandlessonsobtainedduringtheseyears,lookintowhichmeasuressucceededandwht,transformationandrevitalizationoft,itisnecessaryforreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinatosolvethepopularproblemsofthestate-ownedenterprises,andtodevelopnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomyandtheeconomymixingthe,thestate-ownedsectormakesupabigpartoftheeconomyintheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChina,,thefirsttaskofreadjustment,transformationandrevitalizationistofacea,whenwelookforwardwithaviewofdevelopingthemarket-orientedeconomyandthinkonthebasisoftheexperienceofthedevelopedcoastalareasinthesoutheasternpartsofthecountry,wecancometoaconclusionthatwithoutvigorousdevelopmentofnon-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomy,themarketeconomyenvironmentcanhardlybecultivatedanortobecomeanimportantpartofthemarketeconomyandontheotherhand,tocreatejobopportunitiesforthoseworkerslaidoffasaresultoftransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,tocreatenewinvestorsandtoprovidesubstitutingfiscalrevenues(whenfiscalrevenuesfromstate-ownedenterprisesdecreased).Whenitcomestothetransformationofstate-ownedenterprises,non-state-ownedsectoroftheeconomydoesnotconst,ifthesituationinwhichthosestate-ownedenterpriseswithoutsubstantivetransformationtakethepredominantpositioncontinuetoremain,thatre,thecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernmentsoughttomakenecessaryinvestment,andthegovernments’investmentshouldbe,however,equipmentisold,,thegovernmentsoughttoincreaseinvestmentintechnologicalinnovationandembarkonsomenewprojectssoastoease,thegovernmentshadmadeconsiderableinvestmentinthepast,buttheresult(yieldingnoexpectedfruits)onomysystemandshortageofsupply,thegovernmentsincreasedinvestmentinenterprisescouldtakecertaineffect;aftertheenvironmentchangesasaresultofestablishmentofmarketeconomy,whatthestate-ownedenterpriseslackisnotmoney,,transformationandrevitalizationoftheoldindustrialbasesunderthenewcircumstancesarealsoaprocessoftransforminggovernments’,evenifthegovernmentsmakemoreinvestment,theexistingdifficultieswillnotbesolvedandwhatismore,theincreasedinvestmentwillconstituteanewburden,forminganunhealthycircleof"addingwaterwhenthereistoomuchflour;addingflourwhenthereistoomuchwater".Underthechangedcircumstances,itisnotthatthegovernmentsarenotwillingtoundertakeresponsibilityormakeinvestment,butthattheyareplanningtospendmoneyinreleasingstate-ownedenterprisesfromtheheavyburdensresultingfromhistoricalreasons,inpayingforthecos,trialprojectsonthereformofsocialsecuritysystem,diversionoflaid-offworkers,separatingsocialfunctionsfromenterprisesandliquidationofenterpriseswithoutcompetitivenesswerecarriedoutinLiaoningProvince,ttobe,thecentralgovernmentsandlocalgovernmentsoughttospendthemoneyontheimprovementofmechanismandthefund,whileweputtheemphasisonthedevelopmentofequipmentindustry,weshouldalsorialbasesinnortheastChinaanditisanindustrywithre,somerelevantdepartmentsandorganiztChina,theequipmentindustrywillremaintobe,wemustattachenoughimportancetothenewcharacteristicsofChina’,therehasbeenaphenomenonthatsomeind,itsproductioncentersusedtobelocatedmainlyinShanghai,,thesituationofthosestate-ownedtextileenterpriseslocatedinmanytextileindustrialcentersintheseregionsaswellasinthecountry’shinterlandsweredeteriorated,,thosenewburgeoningtextileenterpriseslocatedinJiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdongandotherprovincesboostedthedevelopmentofthecountry’stextileindustryrapidly,enablingChinatobecometheworld’,thatis,thosepowerhousemanufacturersofthesametypeofproducts,manufacturersofrelatedpartsandaccessoriesforthosepowerhousemanufacturersandtheenterprisesprovidingservicesfortheirassemblyaperation,andwiththeintensificationofdivisionofworkdaybyday,orproductionofrelatedparts,,alargenumberofenterprisesofthesameindustryassembleinoneregion,,not"industrialcluster".TimehasbecomeripeforChina’sequipmentindustrytodevelopinfullswing,butitremainsanuncertaintywhethertheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChinacantakefullpacesofreformandopening,weshouldnoticethattheindustriallayoutoftheoldbasesintheregiontookshapeduringtheperiodoftheplannedeconomy,andastheindustriesformedundertheenforcementoftheplannedeconomymaynotcertainlyrepresentthelocalfavorablecharacteristics,’smore,overthetwodecadesofdevelopmentafterthereformandopeningup,theproductionelementsinandoutoftheregionhaveundergonegreatchangesan,wecansayapartfromthetraditionalequipmentindustryandotherheavyindustries,,weshouldattachimportancetotheequipmentindustry,someindustriesformerlyn...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门贵宾厅游戏官网

      澳门贵宾厅游戏官网HanJunInthepasttwoyears,variousregionsanddepartmentshavebeenstudyingthenewdevelopmentsandnewprob’sprinciplesandpoliciesinthecountryside,mobilizingtheenthusiasmo,initialachievementshavebeenmadeinagriculturalrestructuring,thequalityoffarmproductshaveimprovedtangibly,andtheproductionofmainfarmpro,,,itshouldbepointedoutthatthedifficultyforpeasantstoincreaseincomeremainsthebiggestproblemconfrontingagricultureandruralwork,somelong-termfundamentalfactorsimpedingthegrowthofpeasantincomeareyettoberemoved,andthewideningoftheincomegapbetwee,itisnecessarytofurtheradjusttherelevantpoliciesandd’BurdenToensurethatthereformofruraltaxesandadministrativechargescanachievetheexpectedgoals,theplanforthereformoftaxesandadministrativecharges,agricultur,themethodofagriculturaltaxcalculationandcollectionshouldbeimproved,say,,agriculturaltaxcanbecollectedona"50-50basisforpeopleandland".Second,ltytaxandtheagriculturaltaxcannotberepeatedlycollectedforthesameland,theagriculturalspecialtytaxhasvirtuallybecomeanewchanneltoincrea,collectingagriculturalspecialtytaxisinconsistentwiththegoalsofpromotingstructuraladjustmentofagricultureandofin,itisimperativetocontainthecontinuousgrowthofbadganizangloanstopaytaxes,feesandothercharges,eeandmortgagefortheborrowingbyenterprises,ortotransfertheenterprises’llagers’,insteadofprotecting,,theirprincipalsandinterestsshouldbcuttingpolicies,underwhich,theallottedfundraisingforavarietyof"high-standard"constructionprojectsexceedingthecapacitiesoftownshipsandvillages,thecallfortownshipsandvillagestocreateenterprisesandthedevelopmentofcooperativefundsthatareallrel,thestateshouldworkoutpoliciesandgivecerta,itisnecessarytoregulatetherelationsbetweeneducationandinputsralcompulsoryeducationshouldbeshiftedfromthepeasantstothegovernmentandthegovernment’smainresponsibilityforruralco,thekeystepistofurtheradjustjointlysharedbythecentralyschoolssho,fullyfreecompulsoryeducationshouldbepractisedonthebasisoftheexistingsystem,,thenumberofpeoplesupportedbythefinancesofthecountyandtownshipgovernmentsshouldbereduced,tutionsliesinacompleteseparationofthereformofthindustriesshouldbeseparatedfromadministrativeinstitutions,anddiversechannelsandeffectivecarriectureFacilitiesbelowtheC,suchasfarmirrigationprojectsandruralroads,arethebasic,theresponsibilitiesfortheconstructionofthesmallandmedium-sizedinfrastructu"foodfinance",andar’’,itisnecessarytograduallyincludetheconstructionoftheruralinfrastructurefacilitiesbelowthecountylevel,suchassmallandmedium-sizedwatercontrolprojects,ruralroads,powerandwatersupply,intothescopectlyforagriculturebedrasticallyraised,andbulkofsuchfundbeusedfortheconstructionofsmallandmedium-sizedruralinfrastructurefacilities....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      ’,an,China’seconomyhasbyandlargesteppedontothetrackofsocialistmarketeconomy,themechanismofmarkethasstartedtoplayabasicroleindistributionofresources,andthetradebasedoncredithasbecomethedominantmethodinthecountry’,a"buyersmarket",,creditofferedbyenterpriseforpurchasea,however,thedisorderofcreditsystemhasbecomeacriticalissuehamperingChina’,andbecomebaddebts,increasingnon-performingloanndelayedforalongtime,,counterfeitandinfringem,concealing,,increasedthetransactioncostsanddecreasedtheeconomicoperationefficiency,butalsodirectlyaffectedandhamperedthemarketmechanismfromplayinganormalroleinthedistributionofresources,andreducedtheeffectofgovernment’spolioncontractsamongeconomicentities,’sentryintotheWTO,thechaosincreditsystemalsoseriouslytarnishedthecountry’sinternationalcreditimage,’smodernmarketeconomyhadnotgrownenough,theeconomybasedoncreditappearedlate,,,socialeconomicentitieslacktheco,althoughtheconceptofmarketeconomyforurbanandruralresidentsandenterpriseshavebeenstrengthened,theculturalenvironmtmechanismforassessingcreditmoralitybasedonwhich,withinanenterprise,whichincludesmanagementofreceivablesandproductsales,,throughwhichenterpriseithinChina’,improperofferingofcreditalwaysleadtofailureinperformingthecontract,andcredit-offeringenterprisesfrequentstatusofclients,,asthepropertyrightsystemofstate-ownedenterprisesisnotcomplete,theirinternaladministrationstructureisnotstandardized,andthesituationofbeingdependentongovernmentshasnotbeenendedcompletely,,uponwhichthevulnerablepartywithlessinformationwillbedefrauded,’ssociety:ontheonehand,thedataofcreditinformationisopenedinlowdegree;thereislackofachanneltostandardizethedistributionandcollectionofinformation;thereisnospecificlawprovisionsonpublicityanduseofcollectedinformation;informationaboutenterprisesandindividualsinthehandsofgovernmentdepartmentsandspecial,,marketoperationandcreditproductstosomeenterprises,theirmarketislimitedandisoperatedatadispersedstate,t,thedatabasesofChina’screditinter,,’srelatedlawsarenotcompleteandthepunishmentmechanismagainstbreachoffaithisnotcomplete,agreatnumberofdefaultsw,effectivecreditjointmechanismandthecreditinformationisunsymmetric,the"blackrecords"of,rtywholosecredibilityandindirectlybreakstheconfidenceofthosehono,thereisacompletecreditsupervisionandmanagementsystemofthestate,includinglegislationandenforcementrelatingtocredit,,,althoughthereisaprincipleofhonoringcreditinChina’sGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw,ContractLaw,andLawagainstCompetitionbyInappropriateMeans,andtherearesomeregulationsconcerningpunishmentonfraudsandsimilarcrimesintheCriminalLaw,thisstilldoesnotconst,ivelyweak....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijing,LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqunLiJianweiDuetotheimpactoftheAsianfinancialcrisisandasaresultofthepressureofdomesticdeflation,China’seconomicgrowthfellforatimeaft,deepeningreformandopeningupandacceleratingeconomicrestructuringaswellasothermajorpolicymeasures,,theeconomy’sself-growth(endogenousandmarket-orientedgrowth)mechanismisgettingstr,Chinaneedstomaintainthecontinuityandstabilityofmacroeconomicpoliciessoastoconsolidatetheeconomy’sself-growthfoundationandmaketheperformanceofthenationalecothisyear,investmentandexporthavepostedarobustgrowth,consumptionhasbeenbriskandindustrialupgradinghasbeenfaster,artersandaquantitativeprojectionbyusingthemonthlymacroeconomicmeasuringmodelindicat,(1)Consumptiondemandhasbeenbriskandinvestment’sself-growthcapacityhasbeenpromotedConsumptionhasmain,,,,,()duringthesameperiod,,theupgradingofurbanandruralresidents’,theannualdeclineratesofth,ariseofsimilarintensitywaspostedforthespendingoftransportation,housing,medicalcare,,thepullingeffectof,,,or6percentagepointshigher,nd,butmo,,theaverageannualgrowthrateofalldomesticprivateinvestment,includingthejoint-stockeconomicsector,thecollectiveeconomicsector,theprivateeconomicsectorandthecooperativeeconomicsector,,,,,theinves,tofthestate-ownedeconomicsector,,theproportionofprivateinvestmentinallsocialinves,theproportionsoftheinvestmentsmadebythestate-ownedeconomicsector,thedomesticprivateeconomicsectorandtheforeignersandthosefromHongKong,,,however,,()exceededthatofthecollectiveeconomicsector().Second,thedependenceofthegrowthofallsocialinvestmentongovernmentst,theamounto,theproportionoftreasurybondinvestment(includingconstructiontreasurybondandtheinvestmentofallsupportingfunds),,thedownwardadjustmentofinterestrateshasyear,centyearsindicatesthatinthefirstthreequartersof2000,2001and2002,themacropoliciesaimeda,,investme,,raterevenue,price,expectation,self-raisedfund,foreignfundutilizationandothermarketfactorshavebeencontinuouslyontherise....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门贵宾厅游戏官网

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WangMengkui,LuBaipuandLuZhongyuanResearchReportNo045,pmodernizationstrategy,Chinahascompletedthe,Chinaenteredanewstageofmovingtowarditsthird-stepstrateg,China’,,China’,,,,China’,thenationalwealthincreasedandtheoutputsofmainindustrialandagriculturalproductsrosedramatically,,commodityscarcitythathadlongassociatedwithChina’seconomicdevelopmentanditspeople’,China’seconomicdevelopmentha,thepercapit’,China’spercapitaGDP,slightlyhigherthantheaveragepercapitaGNP,eChineseeconomy:considerableeconomicstrength,whiletherelativelylowpercapitalevel(Chinaranked140thamongthe206economiesintheworldintermsofaveragepercapitaGNPin1999)’,theEng,thenumberofpoverty-strickenpeoplefellbyabigmarginfrom250millionin1978to30millionin2000,,,thoughstillintheinitialstage,,twohistoricalstrideshavebeenmadeinthelivelihoodofurbanandruralresidents:frompovertytohavingenoughfoodandclothing,,whichhasplaguedthecountryforcenturies,’sindustrialstructure,manufacturingstrengthandexportstructure,wecanconcludethatChin,whilethetotalamountofagriculturalproductshasincreasedrapidly,the,thesupplyofagriculturalproductsrealizedahistoricalchangethankstotheswiftdevelopmentofagriculturefromapro,,diversifiedoperationsreplacedtheunitarystructureofagriculturalproduction,,whilethetotalpopulationincreasedby300million,,,suchasrawmaterials,energyandtransport,thathadlongrestrainedChina’seconomicdevelopment,,,arelativelycompleteindustrialsystemisalreadyinplaceandinparticularthemanufacturingindustryisabletoprovideaconglygreatcontributionsandthehigh-andnew-techindustrieshavebecomeanimpor,whiletheexportsofagriculturalandotherprimaryproductshaveincreasedrapidly,,,,theindustrialstructureisobviouslymovingfromtheprimaryleveltotheadvancedlevel,fromaseriousimbalancetoabasicrationality,andfrommainlymeetingbasicneedfoundationforthebasiceconomicsystemandtheoperationsystemthatconformtoChina’,commercialization,industrializa;theevolutioniscontinuinginwhichthepublicownershipplaystheleadingroleandtheeconomiesofdiverseownershipsdevelopsimultaneously;,’smacro-regulatoryabilityisvisiblygreaterthankstotheestablishmentofamofthemarketeconomy,andthemodeofdistributionthatintegrateslaborwithosobroughta,thebasicroleofthemarketinresourceallocationhasbecomes,theindexofChina’,th....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门贵宾厅游戏官网GuoLihongResearchReportNo100,2004Inthemid-andlate-1990s,theshortageeconomygenerallyendedandabuyer’smark,includingforeigncapital,startedtoturntotheinvestmentareasthathadlongbeenmonopolizedbythegovernment,,theDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilsponsoredahigh-levelinternationalforumoninfrastructureconstruction,thedocumentofwhichpointedoutthat"privatizationisthetrendofdevelopment",iththehandsoftheCentralGovernment,,thereformandopenaswheretheCentralGovernmenthadrestrictivepower,suchaselectricity,telecommunication,,breakthroughsinareaswhereprivatecapitalcouldplayaroleactuallyconcentratedinareascontrolledbylocalgovernments,especiallythoseareascontrolledbymunicipalgovernments,suchasroad,water,"restructuringoftheeconomicstrategiesofthestate-ownedsector"wasraised,eventhe"advanceandretreat"movementsincompetitiveareaswerecharacterizedbythedesireofthehighlevelgovernmentsto"expand"andthedesireoflowerlevelsgovernmentsto"retreat".Thisarticledoesnotintendtoexplorethecauseofsuchaphenomenon,butjusttopointoutthatinacertainperiodoftimeinfuture,thftotalsocialinvestmentinfixedassets,during1981-2002,governmentinvestment(thestate-ownedeconomy),%.Meanwhile,privateinvestment(non-Stateeconomy),%.Duringthese22years,annualgrowthofpriva,andoneofthem,thegovernmentstilllargelycontrolstheallocationofthekeyfactorofsocialcapital,,foralongperiodoftime,thepurposeofthestockmarketisto"lifttheState-ownedenterprisesoutofdifficulties",andover90%,whenthePeople’sBankofChina(PBC)wasresponsibleforapprovingtheissuanceofenterprisebonds,,theStatePlanningCommissionstartedtoberesponsibletoapprovetheissuance,,,amongvariousestimatesontheratioofbankloanstonon-Stateeconomy,anoptimisticestimatefromasurveybytheStatisticsDepartmentofthePBC(People’sDaily,31May1999)pointedoutthatin1998,"ofalltheloansmadebythefinancialinstitutions,%,%."Since1998,,theremaybelittlechangesintheratioofmid-andlong-termloansbetweentheStateandthenon-Statesectors,whichmaystillremainat75:arketeconomicstates:privatncyandhighprofitability,thegrowthofgovernmentinvesttofinfrastructure,itisusefultoborrowtheconceptfromtheWorldBankpaper,WorldDevelopmentReport1994:,,RagnarNurseandAlbertHirschman,economistsondevelopmenteconomics,havegeneralizedvariouseconomicactivitiesas"socialmanagementcapital".Therearenoaccuratedefinitionsforthetwoterms,butbothcovereconomicactivitieswithcertainfeaturesoftechnologyproportions(suchasscaleeconomy)andtheeconomy(diffusionfromuserstonon-users).Secondly,,whichispermanentengineeringconstruction,equipment,faciliti(electricity,pipegas,telecommunication,watersupply,environmentandsanitationfacilitiesandsewagesystems,solidwastecollectionandtreatmentsystems),publicprojects(dams,irrigationcanalsandroads)andothertransportationfacilities(railways,urbantransportation,ports,watertransportationandairports).Anothercategoryissocialinfrastructure,whichgenerallyincludesculture,ent,,intermsofgeographicalareas,itisnotnecessarytoincluderuralandinter-cityinfrastructure,,intermsofcapitalrelations,allinfrastructuresinvestedandmanagedbytheCentralGovernmentshouldbeexcluded,suchasrailways,power(exceptthermalpower)andtelecommunication(exceptnetworksinuserareas).Third,intermsofpropertyrightrelations,duetothelongmixing-upof"ownershipsystem"with"ownershipright"andthemisleadingconceptof"publicownership",propertyrightisstillambiguousingovernmentcapitalandenterprises,andthephenomenonof"youinvestandIown"nments,suchasurbanelectricitydistributionnetworks;andassetsownedbytheCentralGovernmentmayalsobepassedontolocalgovernmentsfor"localizedmanagement",,theurbaninfrastructuresdiscussedinthisarticleincludethoseaimedfor"localizedmanagement",suchasairports,,theareasofurbaninfrastructu,,moreandmoremunicipalgovernmentsnowrealizehavingtheinfrastructureismoreimportantthanowningit,andtheyalsobecomeawareofthevalueof"protectingthelegalownershiprightsofcitizens".Withcloserrelationshipbetweenthetwosides,theareasinTable1willcontinuetoincrease....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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